Cape Landform

Cape

Cape Landforms Have 2 Main Characteristics:

  1. A large portion of land extending into an ocean or other large body of water
  2. A change of shape and direction from the rest of the coastline

Example of a Cape Landform:

  1. Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA
  2. Picture above is of  Cape Reinga Lighthouse, New Zealand.

What is a Cape Landform?

A cape is a portion of land that differs in shape from the rest of the coastline and extends for a substantial distance into the ocean or another large body of water

How are Capes Formed?

Volcanic activity, glaciers, wave action and changes in sea level may all help to form capes.

Where Can a Cape Be Found?

Capes are common on ocean coastlines around the world and can also be found on other large bodies of water.

Famous Capes

 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA
 Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA
 Cape of Good Hope,

Cape Cod on the coast of Massachusetts is a popular historic tourist area with beaches, towns and villages that offer good restaurants, recreational fishing, swimming and other activities. The Cape extends 65 miles east into the Atlantic Ocean, the outer portion turning northward and bending toward the west like a hook.

Cape Cod Canal is 17.5 miles long artificial channel that was constructed for boat traffic. It crosses the cape not far from where the cape leaves the main coastline. Cape Canaveral is famous as the location of the Kennedy Space Center. This permits a launch over the ocean to minimize risk to people on the ground.

The rockets ascend eastward over the Atlantic, taking advantage of the Earth’s rotation to reach orbit velocity. The Cape of Good Hope has been an important way point on the way around the tip of Africa to the Indian Ocean. This has caused many people to believe the Cape is on the southern tip of Africa.

The Cape of Good Hope is actually a rocky point that marks the end of the Cape Peninsula that extends from the western Coast of South Africa. At this point, the coastline begins to turn eastward toward the southern tip of Africa. Once passing the Cape, a ship can travel more easterly than south on its way to the Indian Ocean.

Cape definition:

A substantial part of the coastline with a change in shape and direction, extending into the ocean or other large body of water

See also headland and peninsula

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