Cove Landforms


Cove Landforms Have 2 Main Characteristics:

  1. Small bay or inlet
  2. Sheltered or restricted entrance

Example of a Cove Landform:
Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia
The cove picture above is of is of Ballena Bay in Costa Rica.

What is a Cove Landform?

A cove is a small bay or inlet with a sheltered or restricted entrance. It can also be the entrance to a creek or other small body of water.

How are Coves Formed?

Coves are usually formed by the erosion of soft rock formation, leaving hard rock that can form a circular or oval bay with a small entrance.

How Big is a Cove?

A cove is generally less than 1000 feet across and can be much smaller, sometimes less than 100 feet in diameter.

Where Can a Cove Be Found?

Coves all over the world can be found on ocean coastlines, large bays, intracoastal waterways, lakes and river shorelines.

Famous Coves

 McWay Cove, California
 Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia
 Broadsands Cove, North Devon Coast, UK
 Cathedral Cove, North Island, New Zealand

On the California coast at Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park, McWay Cove can be found where there is a beautiful 80 foot waterfall. There is a trail above that provides a scenic viewpoint. The cove and beach are not easily accessible except by boat, and not recommended. Nearby cliffs are crumbling, which can possibly be dangerous, and some people wish to keep the location unaltered from human activity.

Peggy’s Cove can be seen 26 miles south of the city of Halifax, Nova Scotia. There is a village behind the cove of the same name, founded in 1811. The cove is very picturesque, attracting many visitors and tourists each year.

Hurricane Juan in 2003 and Hurricane Bill in 2009 caused flooding, property and road damage at the cove and village. Broadsands on the North Devon Coast of the UK is a deep cove that has 2 pebble beaches for swimming and many caves to explore. Cathedral Cove on the North Island of New Zealand greets visitors with a natural arch cavern that leads to 2 secluded coves beyond.

Cove definition:

A cove is a small sheltered bay or inlet with a narrow entrance.

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