Example of a Mountain Range Landform:
The mountain range picture above is of the Rocky Mountains Alps, Europe
A mountain range is a line or group of mountains that are geologically related or physically close to one another.
Individual mountains of a range were often formed by the same geological processes. In some cases however, an individual mountain may have been formed by a different process. A volcanic mountain can be formed by a rising pocket of magma, while a nearby mountain may have been created earlier by the stress of colliding tectonic plates, folding the land upward to form mountains.
Most mountain ranges extend for hundreds or thousands of miles. A small mountain range may be less than one hundred miles long. The smallest mountain range in the world is the Sutter Buttes in northern California close to Yuba City. They form a circular group 10 miles in diameter and are the remaining parts of a former volcano that was active about 1.5 million years ago.
Mountain ranges can be found on every continent. Mountain ranges are also found under the ocean.
• Alps, Europe
• Ural Mountains, Russia
• Rocky Mountains, North America
• Andes Mountains, South America
• Himalayas, Asia
The Alps form the largest mountain range of Europe, 750 miles long across 8 countries. Mont Blanc is the highest peak at 15,781 feet on the border of Italy and France. As the dividing line between Europe and Asia, the Ural Mountains of Russia extend for 1,600 miles from the Arctic Ocean on the northern coast, to Kazakhstan in the south.
The highest point, Mount Narodnaya, rises to 6,217 feet above sea level. The Rocky Mountain Range of North America is over 3,000 miles long and reach from northern British Columbia, Canada to New Mexico, USA. Formed 50 to 80 million years ago, many of its peaks rise to over 14,000 feet above sea level. The world’s longest mountain range on dry land is the Andes of South America at 4,300 miles, passing through seven different countries from Venezuela to Chile.
Mount Aconcagua of Argentina is the highest peak, reaching 22,841 feet. The Himalayas follow a curve for 1,500 miles across five different countries of Asia. As the highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayas include nine of the ten tallest mountains. Mt. Everest is the highest peak, standing at 29,029 feet above sea level.
A group of mountains that are in the same region and may be geologically related.
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