Example of a Mud Volcano Landform:
El Totumo, Colombia
The mud volcano picture is from Buzau, Romania
A mud volcano is a formation created by the ejection of mud from the ground. A mud volcano is not a true volcano and no lava or ash are produced.
Ground water is heated by geothermal activity and mixes with sediment to form mud. Steam from heated water deep underground forces mud through an opening or fissure in the ground, sometimes in a fault zone. A mud volcano called Lusi in Indonesia may have been artificially created while drilling for gas. An earthquake occurred and a large mud flow was produced which killed 14 and destroyed the homes of 24,000 other people.
A small mud volcano may be only a few feet high and wide. The largest is Lusi in Indonesia and is 6 miles wide, reaching 2300 feet in height.
A mud volcano can occur in a fault zone, an area of volcanic activity or in a subduction zone under the ocean.
• Mendocino Coast, California, USA
• Redondo Beach, California, USA
• El Totumo, Colombia
• Eastern Venezuela
• Trinidad and Tobago
• Turtle Islands, Phillipines
• Balochistan, Pakistan
• Caspian Coast, Azerbaijan
Small mud volcanoes about 4 to 5 feet high can be found on the Mendocino Coast of California, producing clay. About 15 miles out from the shore of Redondo Beach, California, 2,600 hundred feet below the surface, is an underwater mud volcano, approximately 100 feet high and several hundred feet wide.
El Totumo is a mud volcano in Colombia standing 50 feet high. Many people visit the crater to lie in the mud which is said to have medicinal benefits. Eastern Venezuela has a few mud volcanoes in an area of oil deposits. Trinidad and Tobago in the Caribbean Sea has many mud volcanoes, also in an area of oil deposits.
Three of the Turtle Islands of the Phillipines have mud volcanoes, including one on Lihiman Island that has earthquakes and violent ejections of mud and rocks. In the Lasbela District in the Balochistan province of Pakistan, mud volcanoes are found up to about 1,500 feet in height.
This includes the Chandragup mud volcano which has a crater of around 450 feet wide. Almost 400 mud volcanoes can be found in Azerbaijan with many near the Caspian Coast.
A mound or hill shape created by mud ejected from an opening in the ground
We want pictures and location of the lanforms around the world and we need your help. Click get started button below.
Nature have provided us with fascinating landforms and features. The most often adored landforms are volcanoes. Like the perfect cone structure of Mayon Volcano in the Philippines or Mount Fiji in Japan, people look at their beauty and wonder with great appreciation to nature. Volcanoes are mountains with a very disastrous nature. Their only […]
Taal Volcano is the second most active volcano found in the province of Batangas. A complex volcano in the middle of Taal Lake and is often called an island within a lake, that is an island within a lake that is on an island as well as one of the lowest volcano in the […]
Mayon Volcano is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines. Located in the southern part of Luzon about 473 kilometers (294 miles) from Makati Business District of the Philippines, Mount Mayon is the main landmark of the Province of Albay of Bicol Region. According to local folklore, the volcano was named after Daragang […]
The global temperature and weather is to a large extent a direct result of the sun’s effect to our planet. Together with the atmosphere and the rotation of the earth on its axis. The earth on which weather moves on has its own effect on the weather. The different landforms like mountains, volcanoes, plains, and the […]
Salty spring-fed lakes, towering sand dunes, and the ghosts of an ancient walled city.