Click on the volcano landforms image to make it larger. You will not leave this page.

volcano.jpg (7177 bytes) volcanoes.jpg (9096 bytes)

Volcanoes Information

A volcano has 3 main characteristics

  1. Cone shaped mountain
  2. Formed by rock or ash thrown from the inside of the earth
  3. At times, opening or depression at top

Examples of famous Active Volcanoes:

  1. Mount Etna in Italy
  2. Mount Stromboli in Italy
  3. Mount Yasur in Vanuatu
  4. Mount Ambrym in Vanuatu
  5. Mount Tinakula in Solomon Islands
  6. Mount Erta Ale in Ethiopia
  7. Mount Manam in Papua New Guinea
  8. Mount Langila in Papua New Guinea
  9. Mount Bagana in Papua New Guinea
  10. Mount Semeru in Indonesia
  11. Mount Merapi in Indonesia
  12. Mount Dukono in Indonesia
  13. Mount Sakura-jima in Japan
  14. Mount Suwanose-jima in Japan
  15. Mount Fuji of Japan
  16. Mount Santa Maria in Guatemala
  17. Mount Pacaya in Guatemala
  18. Mount Sangay in Ecuador
  19. Mount Erebus in Antarctica
  20. Mount Piton de la Fournaise in Reunion
  21. Mount Kilauea in Hawaii
  22. Mount St. Helen in Washington
  23. Mayon Volcano in the Philippines

What is a Volcano Landform?

There are volcanoes all over the world.  They are above sea level and below the oceans.  What a volcano actually is a hole in the Earth’s crust that lava and other Earth debris come out of a lot of the time or even hundreds of years apart.   A lot of volcanoes are in a form of a mountain or a hill that have a crater from past eruptions.  Many times, before an eruption, there is activity in the Earth’s surface that make the ground shake or even the crater in the volcano grow.  Scientists are getting better at predicting eruptions.  This can save many lives.

Volcanoes can be devastating. It can destroy land in many different ways. One example is the submarine caldera called Kuwae. A huge island was once connected that is now two. A huge eruption happened collapsing the land in the middle underwater. The collapse associated with caldera formation may have been as much as 1,100 meters. Around 32–39 cubic km of magma was erupted, making the Kuwae eruption one of the largest in the past 10,000 years.

Types of Volcanoes and How are Volcanoes Formed

There are a few different types of volcanoes landforms in the world.  Volcanoes are classified by scientist by their shapes.   There are actually 5 different types of volcanoes but we will only focus on the 3 main types.   The three types are composite volcanoes, shield volcanoes, or cinder cone volcanoes.

The cinder cones are small volcanoes with steep sides.   Even though they are small, these are the ones you probably hear about.  They are very explosive and made of ash and rock.  Most of the cinder cones are small and less than 500 meters high.  A famous cinder cone is Sunset Crater Volcano in Arizona.

A shield is a low and broad volcano that usually has a very wide crater (a dent in the Earth’s surface).  It is formed from thin layers of lava after consistent low-grade eruptions.  The largest volcano in the world is a shield volcano.  It is located in Hawaii.

Composite volcanoes are the tallest type of volcano.  They look very impressive but do usually have quiet and slow lava flows.  They sometimes have small eruptions that cause ash and rock to go flying.  One of the most famous volcanoes in the world is a composite volcano.  It is Mount Fuji in Japan.

Go here to learn more about the 5 types of volcanoes,  guyots,  lava fields, lava lakes, lava domes, lava spineslava tubes, and pit craters

Volcanoes Landform Definition

A volcano is a landform created during an event where lava comes out from the Earth’s crust.  While volcanoes erupting, molten lava pushes the ground upwards until it goes out of the volcanoes vent.  Continuous eruption leaves layers of lava and makes the volcano higher or wider.

Submit Your Own Landforms

We want pictures and location of the lanforms around the world and we need your help. Click get started button below.


Today's Featured Picture

The Albers projection is a conic, equal area map projection, named after Heinrich C.

Landform Blog

Himalyan Mountain Range

The Roof of the World: Himalaya Mountain Range

  In Asia, China, India, Nepal, and Bhutan are home to one of the eight wonders of the world and one of the most beautiful mountains in the world, the Himalaya Mountains also called the Himalayas.  Boasting as the world’s highest and most famous mountain peak, Mt. Everest. Within the verse of the ‘Kumarsambhava’, Sanskrit […]

Volcanic Eruption

Volcano Eruption: Tips and Emergency Preparation Before, During and After a Volcanic Eruption

  Nature have provided us with fascinating landforms and features.  The most often adored landforms are volcanoes.  Like the perfect cone structure of Mayon Volcano in the Philippines or Mount Fiji in Japan, people look at their beauty and wonder with great appreciation to nature. Volcanoes are mountains with a very disastrous nature.  Their only […]


Taal Volcano

  Taal Volcano is the second most active volcano found in the province of Batangas.  A complex volcano in the middle of Taal Lake and is often called an island within a lake, that is an island within a lake that is on an island as well as one of the lowest volcano in the […]

Mayon Volcano

Mayon Volcano

  Mayon Volcano is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines.  Located in the southern part of Luzon about 473 kilometers (294 miles) from Makati Business District of the Philippines, Mount Mayon is the main landmark of the Province of Albay of Bicol Region. According to local folklore, the volcano was named after Daragang […]

How Landforms Affect Global Temperature and Weather

How Landforms Affect Global Temperature and Weather.

The global temperature and weather is to a large extent a direct result of the sun’s effect to our planet.  Together with the atmosphere and the rotation of the earth on its axis.  The earth on which weather moves on has its own effect on the weather.  The different landforms like mountains, volcanoes, plains, and the […]